Vaginal Cancers

Fast Facts

  • Vaginal cancer is rare. It accounts for 1% to 2% of cancers in the female genital tract, and a very small portion of cancers overall.
  • Approximately 18,000 new cases of vaginal cancer were reported worldwide in 2020 and 8,000 women died from the disease.
  • Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) causes two-thirds of the cases of vaginal cancer. Vaccines that protect against infection with HPV may reduce the risk of vaginal cancer.
  • Vaginal cancer most commonly affects postmenopausal women aged 50 and older.

Additional Resources

The National Cancer Institute is a reliable source for in-depth information about many cancers including vaginal cancer. 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides information, US statistics, and resources related to vaginal and vulvar cancer.

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