Vaginal Cancers

Fast Facts

  • Vaginal cancer is rare. It accounts for 1% to 2% of cancers in the female genital tract, and a very small portion of cancers overall.
  • Approximately 18,000 new cases of vaginal cancer were reported worldwide in 2020 and 8,000 women died from the disease.
  • Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) causes two-thirds of the cases of vaginal cancer. Vaccines that protect against infection with HPV may reduce the risk of vaginal cancer.
  • Vaginal cancer most commonly affects postmenopausal women aged 50 and older.

Additional Resources

The National Cancer Institute is a reliable source for in-depth information about many cancers including vaginal cancer. 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides information, US statistics, and resources related to vaginal and vulvar cancer.

The International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease has handouts for patients with terminology, definitions, and information about vulvar and vaginal diseases.

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