Vulvar Cancers

Fast Facts

  • Most vulvar cancers are a type of skin cancer. But occasionally, a tumor in the vulva may arise from glandular structures in that part of the body.
  • When vulvar cancer is detected early, it is highly curable. The overall five-year survival rate when the lymph nodes are not involved is 90 percent.
  • Regular gynecologic exams, no matter what your age, help ensure that vulvar cancer will be detected early. 
  • Approximately 45,000 new cases of vulvar cancer were reported worldwide in 2020 and about 17,000 died from the disease.

Additional Resources

The National Cancer Institute is a reliable source for in-depth information about many cancers including treatment of vulvar cancer.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides information, US statistics, and resources related to vaginal and vulvar cancer.

The International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease has handouts for patients with terminology, definitions, and information about vulvar and vaginal diseases.

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